iOS App Development Roadmap | AppValley | 2021 | Free

If you are looking for the iOS app development roadmap then you reached the right place. We’re gonna talk about what you need to learn, how you need to learn, from where you can learn, and how you can implement it in real life.

iOS Development Requirements

Let’s talk about the requirements that you need to have before starting with your iOS journey.

You have two types of requirements, the first one is the hardware requirement and the second one is going to be the software requirement.

Hardware Requirements

Lo let’s talk about the hardware requirement which is the only requirement that you need to have which is having a Mac machine.

It could be your Macbook, Mac mini, or anything which gives you the Mac OS environment.

You need to have the Mac OS environment to be able to develop things in iOS, for tvOS, watchOS, all those things.

As you know that Apple machines are not that affordable so what you can do is you can buy second-hand Apple machines which are quite affordable so that is one thing that you can do to get the macOS environment for a much affordable price.

iOS-App-Development-Roadmap
iOS App Development Roadmap

If you are dependent on somebody else’s money like if you are dependent on your parent’s money then I would not recommend you to buy a new Mac if your parent’s pocket doesn’t allow that.

Please don’t force them to buy you a new Macbook, you can manage to get a secondhand Macbook from your local shop. You just need to do some extra efforts to get to know that.

Software Requirements

Let’s talk about the second thing which is the software. Now the software that you need to have in your Mac machine is the Xcode, which is the official IDE to develop iOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS apps.

So you need to have Xcode installed on your Mac machine. Now you have both these things. Let’s talk about the steps to learn things in iOS. Okay, so there are 5 simple steps.

Swift Language

The very first step is to learn the Swift language. If you’re new to programming, swift language is going to be very easy for you because swift language is user-friendly.

You would be able to learn about data types, options, how to handle optionals, all those things.

You might be thinking about what kind of term I am using here but yeah these terms are going to be familiar to you or you are going to be familiar with these terms when you start learning.

If you are going to start your iOS journey just right after this post, I would highly recommend you to start it because if you’re not taking an action then you’re wasting your time.

Swift-language
Swift Language

Let’s come back to the point, from where you can learn the swift language?

You can learn it from Apple’s official documentation which is I believe the best resource from where you can learn the Swift language.

Some people find that it is quite complex to learn from there.

If you are in the very beginning of your career it might get a little complex for you to understand from the Apple documentation.

So what you can do is you can follow some other blog posts and video tutorials like from code with Chris’s Youtube channel, he has made a complete playlist on Swift for beginners, so you can just give it a watch and you would be able to understand swift much better.

After that, you can give it a read to the official Apple documentation. It would be the best thing possible if you are someone who doesn’t like to read from the documentation first.

This is going to be a perfect recipe for you to learn the Swift language.

iOS App Development Cycle

Now let’s talk about the second requirement although you can say the second step is learning the app development cycle.

You can also say learning the app development process. When I say app development process so far you must be using any of these apps like Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp, Tik Tok, Snapchat.

You must be using any of these apps on the daily basis and you are just using them like any other apps but now you need to change your perspective towards those apps because now you’re going to be an app developer.

You need to think like an app developer. When you look at the interface of your application then you need to think in a way like if I’ve hit here what must be going behind the scenes?

I have this screen that is scrollable which has these images, which has these videos, what kind of components have been used here?

Through which this screen has been made? Through which this view has been made? So you need to think in this way.

This will help you to become a good developer I would say. I’m saying this because it would be more relatable for you to understand things in the real sense.

When you would be implementing things for real in your Xcode, you would be able to relate it with the real examples that you have already in the market.

App-Development-Cycle
App Development Cycle

Those apps are already using those things which you are learning now.

Okay, so that’s why I’m just saying this.

The other important thing that we have that the iOS development process is the communication patterns, you need to know how views are going to communicate with each other.

These are going to be some main communication patterns that you need to know before uh getting that first opportunity.

So you need to make sure that you know about the communication patterns along with all those things that I had just talked about.

So yes along with that you also need to know the third-party integration which is quite simple to do.

You can find any video on Youtube which will explain to you how to do it.

You need to have a better understanding of how to integrate third-party functionalities with your project or you can say for third-party libraries with your project.

It is quite simple, don’t worry about that, you just need to search what is CocoaPods? How to integrate CocoaPods in the Swift project and you would get enough videos to learn from it.

We also have some posts about the iOS development process on this iOS AppValley site.

Don’t worry about that, just start learning that is my main intention.

Backend

Now, let’s talk about the third step, to know that what goes behind the scene like so far we have been talking about so if we have been talking about the iOS app development process.

All these things deal with the front-end part of the application so now you must be thinking about what is the front-end.

I’m gonna say one more term which is the backend. So the thing which you see right on your screen, with which you interact, is your front-end.

Backend
Backend

Like you have a Whatsapp app, you have a list of contacts. You can send a message to any one of them. So when you see those messages and when you scroll that screen, all those things relate to the front-end part.

What goes behind the scenes when you send a message. It gets delivered to the end-user. When the end-user sees that message, you get the double tick with that bluish color.

Okay, all those things have been handled on the backend.

All those actions have been saved somewhere in the storage. You can take storage inside the backend part because the front-end part is only the thing that is called the User Interface.

The User Interacts with anything on the mobile screen is considered as front-end.

Firebase & AWS Amplifier

Whatever goes behind the scenes when you hit a like on your post, whenever you write a comment on a post, all those things are saved using backend APIs and storage.

So for that, I would simplify things for you, so you don’t need to learn the APIs and URL sessions.

All you need to do is to understand what is firebase storage.

You can go to the firebase website and get to learn all the things. They have beautiful documentation from where you can learn.

You also have videos on Youtube, from where you can learn firebase as well.

Firebase
Firebase

The alternate to firebase is now we have AWS Amplifier.

Kilo Loco’s Youtube channel could help you to learn Aws Amplifier and how to integrate it with your iOS applications.

AWS Amplifier also allows you to store data. You can use its API to make all these things done in your application.

So I would recommend the Firebase or AWS Amplifier whichever you prefer to use.

Again I would say both of them have their proper documentation but if you still want to have video tutorials and don’t like to go for documentation then you can consider watching Kilo Loco’s channel for AWS Amplifier and about Firebase.

I would say that you can also watch Code with Chris videos. He has made awesome videos regarding how to implement Firebase with your iOS application.

JSON

Right so another thing that you need to know inside the backend part. Do you need to know what is JSON? Which is Javascript?

You need to know how to handle the JSON because whenever you ask your backend to fetch some data, suppose I have a profile on Facebook, whenever I log in, I write my username and password and hit on the sign-in button.

So when I m trying to do this, I am asking my back-end to check in the storage if these credentials exist, and yes if these credentials exist then check if my password is correct or not.

If the password is also correct then please log me in.

So I will ask the backend part to do all this stuff and give something back to me in response.

So the response you will get from the backend would be in JSON format. So you do need to understand what is JSON.

Make sure that you understand what is JSON, you can simply type what is JSON on youtube you would get enough videos to understand what is JSON and you would be able to understand how to handle it.

iOS App Development

Now let’s talk about the fourth part which is now you have learned Swift, you have learned the iOS app development process now you have learned the backend part as well now you are good enough to make an application right.

While you are on the journey of learning all those things, you need to make sure that you are implementing them as well, otherwise. You would feel that this is boring. I’m not getting it because when I was learning myself I was not implementing things.

So in the very beginning, I was thinking that this thing is quite boring.

I’m not enjoying it and I don’t like iOS app development. I had these kinds of thoughts in my mind but when I started implementing those things for real I started making some stupid projects.

I would call them stupid because they were so I started enjoying iOS app development so you need to make sure that you are implementing things along the way.

You are not just mugging up the blog post or you are not just watching those tutorials and just sleeping after that and not doing anything the other day as well.

You don’t need to make that mistake because many people have done these kinds of mistakes enough time so you don’t need to make those mistakes.

I’m again stressing on this part and I could not stress enough I just hope that you got the point right.

You need to implement along with the learning because most of the people fall for the tutorial hell or you can say the tutorial loop.

They are always in that learning zone and end up making nothing.

If someone asked them something theoretically, they would definitely answer it.

But if someone asked them to implement it as a task, they would fail to do it.

Why? Because they never tried to implement it and just trying to read it from somewhere watching videos and not writing a single line of code.

App-Development
App Development

We were talking about the implementation, now let’s talk about the fifth part, what to implement? How to implement? How would it benefit us?

When I say implementation you need to make an application by yourself.

It could be any application, any idea that you have that you think that this idea is going to just crush the market and the people are going to like this idea.

You can definitely consider working on that idea but you need to make sure that you have figured out all the features of that particular idea.

You have noted down on the paper that yes in the very first version of my iOS application I’m gonna implement all these functionalities, in the second version I will consider doing these more functionalities as well.

So please make sure that you figure it out completely before implementing it.

Otherwise, you would be in a situation like stuck in between and thinking that I have made nothing.

This thing is crappy so don’t make that mistake, please. Plan well before implementation.

For those who don’t have any idea in mind for now what they can do is they can make basic iOS applications like a calculator.

They can make a habit tracker or a weather application.

They can make applications like Split Wise which you can use for the trips with your friends, you can split your budget, you can split your expenses out there.

You can make such kinds of applications which sounds like a basic application and yes, it is something that is very basic but it is definitely going to give you a strong foundation for the future.

Because the very first application is mostly crappy.

If I talk about myself when I made my very first iOS application it was completely crap I can say that.

If you ask somebody else also most of the people would definitely laugh and tell you that yes the first application that they made in their career was stupid.

Please make that mistake, make any of the applications that you want to, any basic application because it is going to give you some experience and you would feel proud of yourself.

The next time when you would make a new iOS application, you would improve and see that I am gradually improving in my skill so that’s my main point.

Okay, so these five steps we have covered.

iOS Deployment

Deployment
Deployment

Now let’s talk about the final thing which is deployment. You can also deploy that application.

How to deploy? Let’s tackle that first.

You can deploy your iOS application on the app store. You would find enough tutorials on youtube, how to deploy it.

It is a quite simple thing to do but it has some cost involved because you need to have a paid Apple developer account to deploy your application on the app store.

It costs you around 99 USD per year, the membership.

So I would not highly recommend you to make your iOS app live if you are dependent on somebody else’s money like if you are depending on your parent’s money.

You really don’t need to buy a paid developer account if your pocket doesn’t allow it.

But sometimes it creates an impression on the interviewer that you have some applications deployed on the iOS app store and these applications are live so they just think that yes this guy has done something for real.

Right, so for that sense you can definitely do that.

But if you have the Mac machine, if you have your project in your Mac machine, you can definitely show it in the interview.

You can take your Macbook if they allow and if they ask you that if you have made something or not, you can simply ask them, can I show you through my Macbook and definitely you would be able to do it.

So you don’t need to make your iOS application live just for the sake of impressing the interviewer.

Job Oppertunity

Job-Opportunity
Job Opportunity

Let’s talk about how would you reach that interviewing part? How to get the first opportunity?

You need to understand the importance of networking. These kinds of things would definitely help you.

I would highly recommend you to start making changes and start learning the iOS app development because it will definitely change your future.

It is still a big thing because native iOS app development is not going anywhere in the next five years down the line.

I can completely say that it is not going anywhere if you talk about the next five years. Yes, it is there and you have good salaries for it.

You have a lot of opportunities in these careers, be it in freelancing, be it a part-time job, be it anything contract type of job, anything like that.

This career is going to flourish more in the coming future. So you need to definitely consider it and you need to start learning it from the very first day.

And the first day is today so don’t make that mistake of procrastinating and never starting.

You need to start it. Make a promise to yourself.

You can download the AppValley app to get the latest iOS apps for free.

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